Types of Psychology for good Understanding
Most people believe that they have a good understanding of what psychology is, as well as the different types of psychology. Afterall, we all use psychology constantly to try and understand our own behavior and the behavior of others. However, the American Psychological Association defines psychology as “The scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes.” The most important part to recognize about that definition is that psychology is indeed a scientific study.
Although we all try to figure out human behavior on a consistent basis, psychologists study the brain and behavior in a scientific, research-based manner, and create working theories for use in the field.Having a good grasp of the definition and the types of psychology, also called fields of psychology, is very important if you wish to follow a career path in psychology. We know that psychology is fundamentally concerned with studying behavior, but in what context?
Behavior is what all humans (and animals) do in a given situation, but think about the vast variety of situations in which behavior occurs! Psychology is everywhere, and the different types of psychology reflect that.Academic Topics in Psychology
• Abnormal Psychology: The study of mental disorder and mental illness.
• Biological Psychology: The study of the brain and nervous system and how it relates to behavior.
• Cognitive Psychology: The study of how we think and how thoughts affect behavior.
• Behavioral Psychology: Based on the principals of learning theory, behavioral psychology focuses on observable behavior and changing behavior.
• Developmental Psychology: The study of human development throughout the lifespan as it relates to thinking, learning and behavior.
• Personality Psychology: The study of personality traits, often those that are stable and observable.
• Social Psychology: Social psychology studies people’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors in the presence of other people.
• Research Psychology: Research psychology focuses on the scientific research aspects of all subfields of psychology.
• Psychology Statistics: Psychology statistics is the statistical analysis of psychological research findings.
• Sensation and Perception: The study of how the brain processes our senses.
Professional Types of Psychology
• Clinical Psychology: Clinical psychologists treat a wide variety of individuals, often with mental disorder and mental illness, sometimes severe.
• Counseling Psychology: Counseling psychologists often treat mental disorder, but also provide therapy to clients in times of grief or crisis.
• Health Psychology: Health psychologists study health, illness and the healthcare system with a focus on improving physical and mental health through education.
• Educational Psychology: Educational psychologists focus on studying and improving the learning experience for individuals of all ages and abilities.
• Criminal/Forensic Psychology: Criminal and Forensic psychologists research and work with crime, criminals and the legal system.
• Business/Industrial Psychology: The study and use of psychological theory in business and industry.
• Military Psychology: The focus of psychology on, and clinical treatment of, military personnel.
• Developmental/Child Psychology: Developmental and child psychologists research and treat psychological issues at various stages in life development.
• Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive neuro scientists study the underlying chemical and biological processes of thoughts and cognitive functioning.
• Sports Psychology: Sports psychologists work with athletes to create the most beneficial environment for the highest sports performance.
• Popular psychology, self-help, alternative therapy and positive psychology: Alternative therapies in psychology and the use of alternative therapies in clinical and counseling psychology.
• Psychometrics: The mathematical and statistical study of psychological and educational testing.