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Symptoms and Treatment of Anxiety

Anxiety, DisordersCommon physical symptoms of anxiety are;

  • Palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Pounding hearts
  • Sweating
  • Ritualistic behaviors, such as repeated hand washing
  • Stomach upset or dizziness
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Nausea
  • insomnia
  • Frequent urination or diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Pounding heart
  • Sweating
  • Ritualistic behaviors, such as repeated hand washing
  • Cold or sweaty hands and/or feet
  • Tremors and twitches
  • Muscle tension
  •  Problems sleeping
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach upset or dizziness
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urination or diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath

Emotional Symptoms

Common emotional symptoms of anxiety

  • Feelings of apprehension or dread
  • Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Feeling tense and jumpy
  • Repeated thoughts or flashbacks of traumatic experiences
  • Anticipating the worst
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts
  • An inability to be still and calm
  • Watching for signs of danger
  • Nightmares
  • Feeling like your mind’s gone blank

Treatment and Therapies for Anxiety

  • Self-help techniques
  • Self-help books can contribute to the treatment of people with anxiety disorders.
  • Write down your worries
  • Practice relaxation techniques
  • Exercise and walk regularly
  • Proper sleep
  • Accept uncertainly
  • Adopt healthy eating habit

Therapist’s Techniques

  • Rational emotive behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive behavior therapy
  • Exposure therapy
  • Flooding
  • Role plying
  • Modeling
  • Panic control therapy
  • Paper bag technique
  • Use of systematic desensitization

Medicine for Anxiety

A variety of medicine used for anxiety patient including benzodiazepines, alrazolam and clonazepam as an alternative to SSRIs. These drugs used for short term and quick relief of severe anxiety but sometime benzodiazepines use for long term as well. SSRIs also very effective for anxiety patient and SSRIs show 55% meaningful improvement for generalized social phobia. Buspirone (busper) with other anxiolytics is the best treatment of anxiety in GAD. But medication is most effective when combined with behavioral therapy and anxiety self-help strategies. Medication may sometimes be used in the short-term to relieve severe anxiety symptoms so that other forms of therapy can be pursued.

Cognitive Approach

  • Changing the negative thoughts into positive
  • Assertion training
  • Relaxation skills and logical analysis of things
  • Optimistic approach

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